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Chemistry

Free online chemistry lesson for elementary school, middle school and high school.
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Science class

Chemistry

Electricity

Optics

Mechanics
Mechanics lessons
Water
Water on Earth
Changes of state in the nature: the water cycle
Water in human body
Test for water
Properties of water in different states
States of matter
States of matter and its changes
Boiling water
Water: freezing and melting
Changes of state: mass and volume
Molecules in different states of matter

Mixtures and solutions
Heterogeneous mixtures
Homogeneous mixtures
Decantation
Centrifugation
Filtration
Vaporization of water
Distillation
Chromatography
Dissolving a solid in water
Conservation of mass on dissolving
Miscibility in water

Mass and volume
Volume and its units
Measuring volume with a graduated cylinder
Mass and its units
Measuring the mass of a liquid
Mass of a liter of water

Air and atmosphere
Atmosphere
Earth's atmosphere protect us
Threats to the Earth's atmosphere
Composition of air
Air and life
Pressure
Atoms and molecules
Molecules
Molecules in mixtures and pure substances
Molecules and states of matter
Atoms
Composition of molecules
Constituents of the atoms
The electrical neutrality of the atom

Combustions
Basics of combustion
The combustion of carbon
The combustion of butane
Atoms and chemical reactions
Chemical reactions
Chemical equations
Law of conservation of mass
Chemical synthesis
Metals

Most common metals

How to distinguish metals ?

Corrosion of metals

Electrical conductivity of solid materials

Electrons and free electrons

Electric current in metals
Ions
The conductivity of aqueous solutions
Aqueous solutions and ions
The direction of movement of ions
Formation of ions
Tests for ions
Acidic and basic solutions
pH of aqueous solutions
Ions in acidic and basic solutions
Dilution of acids and bases
Composition of hydrochloric acid
Chemical reaction between iron and hydrochloric acid

Electrochemical cells and chemical energy
Chemical reaction beteween a copper sulphate solution and zinc
Copper sulfate and zinc battery
Basics of electrochemical cell



















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Mass and volume

Mass and its units

   
1) What is mass ?

The mass of an object reflects the amount of matter it contains:
The mass increases with the amount of matter.

The mass also depends on the type of material that an object is made of.

Mass and weight are often confused whereas they are different.

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2) Mass units

According to the insternational system the standard mass unit is the kilogram whose symbol is kg but it is also possible to use multiples and submultiples of the gram:
- The hectogram (hg)
- The decagram (dag)
- The gram (g)
- The decigram (dg)
- The centigram (cg)
- The milligram (mg)


Other units of masses can also sometimes be used:
- The tonne (t): a ton is 1000 kg
- The quintal (q): a quintal is 100 kg

The transition from a unit mass to another can be done with the following conversion table:


kg hg dag g   dg cg mg
             

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